Russian scientists discover 24,000-year-old organisms in frozen soil
Scientists in Russia said Monday that they have discovered microscopic worm-like creatures that have survived for at least 24,000 years in a frozen layer of soil in Siberia, Anadolu Agency reports.
Researchers at the Pushchino Scientific Center for Biological Research discovered the bdelloid rotifers, which are solely female, in a sample of permafrost gathered from the region.
After studying the multicellular invertebrates, they found that they were still able to reproduce and had complete digestive tracts.
Bdelloid rotifers are resistant to radiation and are able to withstand inhospitable environments.
Stas Malavin from the research team said the study is strong proof that multicellular animals can live for tens of thousands of years in a state of cryptobiosis, in which they nearly halt their metabolism in places where it is difficult to sustain vital activities, such as extreme hot or cold and toxic environments.
Previously, scientists had discovered some species of simple worms and plants in frozen soil samples and reported that they could remain alive in a frozen state.