“Nagorno-Karabakh is pending issue of the South Caucasia for twenty years”

Tue 25 February 2014 05:37 GMT | 10:37 Local Time

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Hikmet Eren

Chairman of the Eurasia Economic Relations Association (EcoEurasia), Hikmet Eren evaluated the Nagorno-Karabakh issue.

Chairman of the Eurasia Economic Relations Association Hikmet Eren who says “Azerbaijan lands and Nagorno-Karabakh which were occupied by Armenia in 1992-1993, remains as one of the major issues of the South Caucasus to be solved nearly for twenty years”  also drew attention to Armenia’s territorial demands from Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey with the beggining of the Soviet Union's disintegration process, towards the end of the 1980s.

Hikmet Eren said that "Following the collapse of the USSR, Armenians openly expressed their demands for the mountainous part of Karabakh. In 1988, they performed a decision taken by a unilateral referendum for independence, and immediately after that Azerbaijanis in the Nagorno-Karabakh region had been forced to migration and afterwards the Soviet-backed Armenian occupation had began.” Eren stated that “as a result of these occupations, Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding Azerbaijani cities of NKAO (the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast) is invaded, and after these invasions ceasefire agreement signed between the parties which were brought together in Bishkek on 5 May 1994.”

"Because of the attitude of Yerevan there has been no progress"

According to Hikmet Eren who drew attention to increasingly accelerating tensions between the parties on the ongoing process of invasion that last nearly for 20 years, the most important reason for not achieving any progress on reconciliation is the uncompromising attitude of Yerevan government.

Evaluating the international organizations attitude on settlement process of the parties Hikmet Eren states the following remarks on the subject: "Both the United Nations Security Council’s failure to implement the decisions that have been taken on the issue and the failure of the Minsk Group (OSCE) which was authorized by the UN Security Council to solve the issue in a peaceful way and co-chaired by Russia, USA and France is remarkable. Parties have met 14 times between 2008 and 2012 on the level of heads of state, although no progress has been made in the talks."

"Western public opinion had been in favor of Armenia but the law is in favor of Azerbaijan''

Pointing out that the signing of the ceasefire agreement in 5 May 1994 does not mean the problem is solved, Hikmet Eren stated that, "Public opinions of both sides are in a sensitive position on appeasement. However Armenian society currently uses the advantage of holding the lands – albeit by way of occupation- and reluctant to leave Karabakh region which they see as a part of “Great Armenia”. Armenia had open sport of Russia including the military and was also sported by Iran in the region. Azerbaijan, however, not as strong as Russia, got the full support of Turkey in all areas except the open military support. Another important factor is that Armenia had the powerful lobbies in the Western states while Azerbaijan had natural wealth. Western public opinion had been in favor of Armenia but the law is in favor of Azerbaijan.''

"The most important aspect of the problem is that it is a problem of expansionism"


Even though there are many dimensions of the problem (global power struggles, ethnic conflicts, etc.), according to Hikmet Eren actually the most important feature of the problem is that it is a problem of expansionism. Solution to the problem cannot be based on giving consent to expansionism but also reversed expansionist movement or responding to expansionism with ethnic cleansing cannot be approved.” Eren believes that in order to achieve permanent solution Armenia’s expansionist efforts needs to be prevented and Azerbaijan's territorial integrity must be provided without any pre-condition.

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